如何修改MYSQL的字符编码

查看字符集设置
mysql> show variables like 'collation_%';
+----------------------+-----------------+
| Variable_name         | Value            |
+----------------------+-----------------+
| collation_connection | utf8_general_ci |
| collation_database    | utf8_general_ci |
| collation_server      | utf8_general_ci |
+----------------------+-----------------+
3 rows in set (0.02 sec)
mysql> show variables like 'character_set_%';
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
| Variable_name             | Value                       |
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
| character_set_client      | utf8                        |
| character_set_connection | utf8                        |
| character_set_database    | utf8                        |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                      |
| character_set_results     | utf8                        |
| character_set_server      | utf8                        |
| character_set_system      | utf8                        |
| character_sets_dir        | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
8 rows in set (0.02 sec)
mysql>


其他的一些设置方法:

修改数据库的字符集
mysql>use mydb
mysql>alter database mydb character set utf-8;
创建数据库指定数据库的字符集
mysql>create database mydb character set utf-8;

通过配置文件修改:
修改/var/lib/mysql/mydb/db.opt
default-character-set=latin1
default-collation=latin1_swedish_ci

default-character-set=utf8
default-collation=utf8_general_ci
重起MySQL:
[root@bogon ~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysql restart

通过MySQL命令行修改:
mysql> set character_set_client=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set character_set_connection=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set character_set_database=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set character_set_results=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set character_set_server=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
mysql> set character_set_system=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
mysql> set collation_connection=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
mysql> set collation_database=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
mysql> set collation_server=utf8;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
查看:
mysql> show variables like 'character_set_%';
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
| Variable_name             | Value                       |
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
| character_set_client      | utf8                        |
| character_set_connection | utf8                        |
| character_set_database    | utf8                        |
| character_set_filesystem | binary                      |
| character_set_results     | utf8                        |
| character_set_server      | utf8                        |
| character_set_system      | utf8                        |
| character_sets_dir        | /usr/share/mysql/charsets/ |
+--------------------------+----------------------------+
8 rows in set (0.03 sec)
mysql> show variables like 'collation_%';
+----------------------+-----------------+
| Variable_name         | Value            |
+----------------------+-----------------+
| collation_connection | utf8_general_ci |
| collation_database    | utf8_general_ci |
| collation_server      | utf8_general_ci |
+----------------------+-----------------+
3 rows in set (0.04 sec)

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